+ Running gear
+ Regular servicing
+ exhaust System
+ cooling System
+ Fuel tank and fuel pump
+ Air filter and absorption channels
+ injection System
+ Transmission and main transfer
+ Suspension bracket of wheels and steering
+ Wheels and tires
+ Electrotechnical equipment
+ ignition System
+ Alarm equipment
+ Tools and devices
+ Heating and ventilation
+ body Details
Search of malfunctions
Search of malfunctions
In our search of malfunctions we recognize that in the engine there are no mechanical damages. We assume that the power plant involuntarily stops or is not got any more.
The starter turns the engine?
If it does not do it or does slowly, read, please, below the section «A source of malfunctions – the electrotechnical equipment». On the contrary, if the engine is quickly got, to narrow a circle of search of malfunctions, you should answer the following questions serially.
Spark plugs give a spark?
Remove the candle socket, unscrew a candle, insert into the candle socket. Connect I shine with an auxiliary wire with the block of the engine so that to provide conductivity (in drawing an auxiliary wire it was lowered for the sake of presentation). Do not touch a wire of ignition and to a candle – danger of accident! If yes, clear the following question. If is not present, read further the section «A source of malfunctions – ignition».
Fuel arrives in injection system?
Disconnect a fuel hose in a place of its screw connection in an impellent compartment (the photo above – the four-cylinder engine with working volume of 1,8 l, the photo below – the six-cylinder engine). Be careful: fuel can scatter. Therefore when unscrewing a hose enclose a thick rag under screw connection. Extend submitting топливопровод with a suitable hose and lower in capacity. Let your assistant will turn a starter the engine.
If gasoline arrives, the fuel pump works normally. If is not present, read about this situation further in the section «A source of malfunctions – supply of fuel». Then a source of malfunction there is a fuel injection. Or the pump works, but creates insufficient pressure.
In the beginning visual control
The wire socket on knots of system of ignition or in knot of system of injection was disconnected?
Check durability of fastening of a wire of ignition on the ignition coil, on the distributor (the engine of 1,6 l of 74 kW) and on sockets of candles (ignition at all do not include!).
All hoses of the lowered pressure in an impellent compartment are put on the corresponding branch pipe?
Water condensate on a cover of the distributor and in it (only at the engine of 1,6 l of 74 kW)? All details of system of ignition, including the ignition coil, should be pure and dry, otherwise there is a danger of emergence of creeping currents and tension breakdowns.
Gasoline smell in an impellent compartment? The fuel hose is not tight or it in general was disconnected?
Source of malfunctions – the electrotechnical equipment
Control bulbs on a control panel do not burn or do not blink at the included ignition: the accumulator was completely discharged or accumulator plugs are disconnected.
Control bulbs die away at starter activization: the accumulator was strongly discharged, or grew old, or short circuit in a starter.
Control bulbs at key turn grow dull a little, the starter is not turned: the electromagnetic switch gets jammed, or it is faulty, or the starter is faulty.
Control bulbs brightly burn or blink at key turn; the starter is not turned: defect of contact of the plug 50 In the ignition lock, was disconnected a wire of the plug 50 of the electromagnetic switch or the electromagnetic switch is faulty.
Source of malfunctions – ignition
All sockets in the field of the coil (coils) of ignition and the ignition distributor (the engine of 1,6 l of 74 kW) are correctly connected?
Cracks in the case of the coil of ignition or in cases of coils of ignition, traces of burns from sparks at breakdowns?
Only at the engine of 1,6 l in capacity of 74 kW: uncover the distributor. Traces of creeping currents on its inside are visible? The graphite brush in the middle of a cover faultlessly springs? There is a yar-medyanka on pins of contacts?
As the last measure only complete check of system of ignition will help.
Source of malfunctions – supply of fuel
There is no gasoline in a fuel tank is not such absurd as you, maybe, will think. In our engines with injection the lack of fuel is shown in the beginning in the form of interruptions in operation of the engine on turns.
The fuel pump is faulty.
The fuel filter got littered.
At normal supply of fuel – for example, at constant problems with engine start – the suspicion falls on injection system.